Sohaira Siddiqui is an Assistant Professor of Theology at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service in Qatar. In 2014, she received her doctorate in Religious Studies from the University of California Santa Barbara, where she wrote her dissertation on the legal and political thought of the 11th century jurist and theologian Abu Ma'ali al-Juwayni. Her research interests include classical Islamic legal theory (usul ul-fiqh), classical Islamic political thought, the development and intersection of legal thought and political thought from the 9th to 11th centuries, and secularism and modernity in relation to Islamic law and Muslims in the West. She has previously taught Islam, Islamic Law, Gender and the Modern Muslim World at the University of Saskatchewan
Her first monograph, Knowledge, Law and Politics: An Intellectual Portrait of al-Juwayni, analyzes the thought of al-Juwayni through a close reading of his legal, political and theological treatises. She has published a series of shorter articles on comparative Islamic political thought in the 11th century, scholarly connections and mechanisms of critique in the medieval period, and modern arguments for legal reform. She has also edited a forthcoming volume entitled Locating the Shari'a: Legal Fluidity in Theory, History and Practice.
She is currently focusing on two research projects. The first is a translation and commentary of al-Juwayni's treatise entitled, Kitab al-Ijtihad, one of the earliest extant treatises discussing the juristic debate regarding the ontological multiplicity of truth. The second project focuses on the juridical thought of the first Muslim judges to serve on the High Courts in British India during the 17th and 18th century. The project aims to analyze the changing dynamics with regards to Anglo-Muhammadan law once Muslim jurists were afforded the opportunity to contribute to its adjudication.