Adel Abdel Ghafar is Adjunct Instructor at Georgetown University in Qatar. He received his Ph.D. in Political Science and International Relations from the Australian National University. His research interests include state-society relations, socio-economic development, and foreign policy in the Middle East and North Africa. He authored and edited several volumes and reports, including The Middle East: Revolution or Reform (Melbourne University Press, 2014) and The Gulf Cooperation Council at Forty: Risk and Opportunity in a Changing World (Brookings Institution Press, 2022). He is a fellow and director of the Foreign Policy and Security program at the Middle East Council on Global Affairs.